Age-Related Macular Degeneration is one of the major reasons which causes loss of eyesight among the older population of the country.Age-Related Macular Degeneration can happen in 2 ways:
AMD may affect one or both eyes, Even though Age-Related Macular Degeneration is most connected with ageing it is also recently being connected with genetics.
1. Dry Macular Degeneration (non-neovascular):
Non-Neovascular Macular Degeneration are found in 90% of the patients who face AMD. It is considered as the early form of the disease and can be caused due to the following reasons:
2. Wet Macular Degeneration (neovascular):
Neovascular macula Degeneration as mentioned above is a cause of not treating the Dry Macula Degeneration and consist of 10% of the total patients who face AMD. It is a chronic eye disease which causes blurred vision and blind spot in your vision.Wet macular degeneration leads to the growth of new blood vessels beneath the retina and also leakage of blood and fluid.The leakages further lead to a damage ( Permanent in nature ) to the light-sensitive cells of the retina, which leads to the death of the cells creating the blind spot where the cells die off.
Choroidal neovascularization ( CNV ), the process which causes Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration and abnormal growth of blood vessels is a body’s misguided way to create a new network of blood vessels to supply more nutrition and oxygen to the retina of the eye which unfortunately leads to creation of scars which sometimes leads to loss of eyesight.
Further Wet Macular Degeneration is divided into two types:
Occult is a process termed when the growth of new blood vessels beneath the retina is not that noticeable and the leakage in the occult CNV is less evident. This type of Wet Macular Degeneration most often produces less severe vision loss.
This type of Wet Macular Degeneration is severe and can easily be diagnosed with the scarring and the growth of blood vessels are very evident and observation of delineated outlines beneath the retina.
Treatment for Macular Degeneration depends upon the severity of the disease which can be stated as follows:
A) Early Age-Related Macular Degeneration : Currently, there is no treatment available for the early stage of AMD. Many people show no symptoms of loss of vision. An ophthalmologist may recommend you to undergo an eye examination at least once in a year which will help the doctor to know if the problem is advancing.
The doctor may ask the patient to change the lifestyle to prevent its advancement.
B) Intermediate or Late Age-Related Macular Degeneration : In a case, if doctor derived the stage of AMD in this category, he may recommend the patient to have some intake of vitamins listed below to slow the process of AMD. The following are the list of Vitamins which can be taken on doctors recommendation to slow the process of AMD:
C) Advanced Age-Related Macular Degeneration : Wet Macular Degeneration also typically results in Vision Loss. The doctor may recommend various therapies to further stop the vision loss. However, it is not possible to cure the vision loss as the damage done by the disease is irreversible and cannot be termed as a permanent treatment. The following are the therapies which can be done to reduce the advancement of the disease: